Přehled strojů - česky

My machine tools

This is an overview of my machine tools to consider my production capabilities. The machines are not for sale.

Tool-milling machine Heckert FUW-315/5 CNC
Face-lifted 3-axis CNC milling machine, built 1984 in GDR. The machine was completely taken into parts, cleaned and precisely adjusted, all the motors were replaced by brushless ones, and the whole wiring, electronics and control was replaced by brand new elements and software. The main benefit of this machine is the possibility of using two spindles - vertical and horizontal one, which allows me to face-mill the ends of long pieces, or even use both spindles simultaneously, so I can machine two perpendicular faces without reclamping the piece. In contrast to most of new machines, this one is still equipped with a swivelling vertical head, so I can mill any slopings without having to reclamp the part to the desired angle. Up to that, the vertical spindle is mounted on an independent extensible beam, so I can reach an extreme spindle-setout (up to 90 cm), allowing me to drill or machine the holes inside a large plate. The Y-travel is achieved by moving the spindle, not the table, so the workpiece is always perfectly accessible. Quick and comfortable clamping of the workpiece is also allowed by large table setup area with 8 T-slots. Of course the spindle allows for continuous speed control using the frequency inverter, but in addition there is a two-speed electromagnetic gearbox, so I can get a high torque at low RPM even with an economy-sized spindle motor.
Technical data
Travels X×Y×Z520×400×350 mm
Table area700×400 mm
Spindle tapers2 × ISO 40
Spindle RPM0-1500 RPM
Spindle power1.5 kW
Axes driven by3ph-stepper motors 6.8 Nm
Maximum feed rate900 mm/min
Positioning accuracy0.01 mm
Control systemSpaceCNC

Vrtačko-frézka KVF-520 CNC
This DIY CNC machine joins the advantages of a CNC milling machine and a manual drill press. During a single-piece production, it would be very time-consumpting to prepare drilling and threading cycles. A couple of holes are much easier to be drilled by hand, feeling the cutting resistance of the material. I can interrupt the drilling or use a lubricant immediately, when the chips begin to stuck in the hole. As soon as the drilling cycle is examined, the Z-axis can be switched to CNC-control and the machine can start working unattended. The setup and working area of this machine is competitive to a lot of bigger machines, particularly the spindle-head elevation is high because of tall and massive column. That allows for milling and drilling even very tall pieces. The spindle is powered using a 2-speed gearbox, allowing to achieve high torque for tools with greater diameter or high speed for smaller tools, both with an economy-sized motor. Of course there is a frequency inverter to smoothly tune the exact RPM.
Technical data
Travels X×Y×Z520×280×150 mm
Rough Z-travel (manual)650 mm
Table area730×210 mm
Spindle taperMT3
Spindle RPM0-6.000 RPM
Spindle power1.1 kW
Axes driven by2ph-stepper motors 4 Nm
Rapid feed12 m/min
Positioning accuracy0.01 mm
Control systemSpaceCNC

Optimum D 320×920 lathe
Modern full-value universal lathe with unique utility properties and high accuracy. Wide range of RPM, longitudial and transversal machine feed, taper and thread cutting. Additionaly, the machine is equipped with end-switches, extending it to an semiautomatic. While the lathe works, I can operate another machine without taking care when the machine feed should stop. Recently, the lathe was equipped with a frequency inverter and a digital revolution indicator, which allows me to choose the optimal RPM even while the machine is running. That's especially helpful during the face turning, when it is good to keep the constant cutting speed by increasing the RPM. Besides the lots of different tools, I've got also different types and sizes of chucks, allowing to clamp almost any workpiece.
Technical data
Turning diameter320 mm
Turning length920 mm
SpindleCamlock D1-4"
Spindle bore38 mm
Motor rating1.5 kW
RPM range0-3200/min
Thread pitch0.15-26 mm
Tailstock taperMT 3

Asist 210×400 CNC lathe
This CNC mini-lathe is based on a common hobby lathe, that can be bought at any hobby market. Only the bed, spindle, support and tailstock are utilized. The original motor and belt-gearbox was replaced by a stronger one with a fixed V-belt drive, the spindle speed is controlled by a frequency inverter. The spindle is equipped with a blocking latch, allowing for comfortable tightening of pieces machined on an arbor. The trapezoidal screws are replaced with ball screws, the tool holder is brand new and allows for repeated precise tool locating. The axes are powered by strong stepper motors, the control electronics was purchased at http://www.cncshop.cz. The machine is controlled by a common desktop PC, running my own software. The programming includes both low-level mode, allowing to control every single move, and high-level mode, when the tool follows the trajectory prepared in DXF file. The goal is to have an optimal program for any operation. I use the CNC lathe for single-piece production of complex-shaped parts, or for batch production of both simple and complex parts, including all threads.
When using automatic collet chuck, air-powered pincers for grabbing and feeding the material, and a guideway for 3-meter material (diamater up to 16 mm), the machine can be extended to an automatic lathe, producing thousands of simple turned parts - see the video:
turning aluminium tube connectors
turning nylon spacing tubes
Technical data
Turning diameter210 mm
Turning length400 mm
Chuckø100 mm
Spindle bore18 mm
Motor rating750 W
Tailstock taperMT 2
Stepper motorsZ=4 Nm, X=2.5 Nm
Feed speed0 - 6 m/min
Tool sizeup to 12×12 mm

TOS SUF-16 lathe
I use this small and simple lathe for finishing operations (for example chamfering the edges) or for making some small parts. Using both lathes together brings surprisingly effective work. Having a second machine can also be useful when the first one is occupied by an important work and you suddenly need to make some tiny or helper part.
In comparison to the original version, the belt-gearbox is replaced by a single V-belt and a frequency inverter.
Technical data
Turning diameter160 mm
Turning length300 mm
Chuckø80 mm
Spindle bore14 mm
Motor rating550 W
Tailstock taperMT 2

TOS FH 32 horizontal milling machine
I use this machine for big material removals, rough work, machining of larger pieces, steel milling, formating plates, longitudial material cutting, and also as a powerful and precise boring and drilling machine. Despite of the year of manufacture (1947) it is still a very precise machine. All three axes are equipped with a machine-feed and rapid feed. The main modifications to the original machine are: removing the driving slot from the spindle (Morse drills and non-circular tools were impossible to use), replacing the main motor, removing the belt drive and placing the motor directly to the gearbox, and variable motor speed by frequency inverter.

Technical data
Spindle taperMT 4
Motor rating2.2 kW
RPM range0-1400/min
Travels X×Y×Z630 × 230 × 480 mm

Optimum BF 20 Vario milling/drilling machine
Very handy, small machine, that can perform a really precise professional work and also copes with quite a big material removal. I use this machine mostly as a coordinate boring machine, allowing me to completely leave the scribe awl - centre punch - drill press method. In contrast to the serial version, this machine is equipped with a three-phase motor and frequency inverter, variable speed longitudial machine feed, and a mechanical depth stop.

Technical data
Spindle taperMT 2
Motor rating550 W
RPM range10-2600/min
Table travels320×170 mm
Drilling travelup to 50 mm

Bomar Ergonomic 275.230 DG band saw
The greater band saw is suitable for cutting full material with bigger cross section, where the smaller band saw is not sufficient, or the operation takes too much time. The main advantage is the automatic free-falling cutting feed and the terminal-switch, basically allowing the autonomous operation. The saw can work without my attention, while I'm handling any other machine. The safe and unmanned operation is supported by the cooling system, serving rather as lubrication when cutting aluminium alloys. In comparison with the smaller saw, this machine offers much more space for different special operations, for example flat-cutting of larger plates, or cutting very short pieces of material, that must be clamped using an intermediate machine vice, instead of a direct clamp to the saw-vice. I also perform quite frequently the cut-off upon the the piece clamped in a chuck, that is inserted in the saw-vice using a special holder. With a little bit of invention, this band saw is also able to cut the dimensions that considerably exceed the official cutting capacity of the machine.
Technical data
Motor rating1.1 kW
Cutting speed80 m/min
Gravity cutting pressureadjustable oil damping
Frame liftingmanual
Cutting capacity (vertical)230 mm
Cutting capacity (horizontal)330 mm
Angular cuts-45º - +60º
Vice handlingsetting: crank, clamping: lever

Bomar Pulldown 160.120 G band saw
I use this small bandsaw for cutting profiles and other material with small cross-section, because it is much easier and quicker to operate. Sometimes I also need to cut something while the bigger saw is busy by preparing another material, especially for mass production. The advantages of a small bandsaw is lower material loss due to thinner saw band, and lower operating cost, especially due to cheaper saw band. If a tooth breakes out, or the saw band gets blunt, the cost is not so high. For cutting full materials, the machine is equipped with a rotation brush for removing chips, and with a still-power-on button for long-lasting cuts.

Technical data
Motor rating370 W
Cutting speed80 m/min
Cutting capacity160×120 mm
Angle cuts0º-60º